NORFOLK - Spring and summer are filled with lots of fun activities for young people, but it's also the season for traumas.

In the upcoming months, more than 3 million will be rushed to emergency rooms for serious injuries resulting from mostly preventable accidents. Here are some tips on how to keep your children safe from CHKD pediatrician Dr. Carol Steiner.

Tip 1: Supervise Children Closely
Tragedies peak between May and August because children are supervised less, have more free time and engage in more outdoor activities. Close supervision, proper protective gear, and other following other simple steps will help your child avoid danger.

Tip 2: Stress Water Safety
Drowning is the number one danger to children during warm weather especially in an area such as Hampton Roads with water everywhere. Always supervise children around water, including spas, bathtubs, toilets and buckets.
Stay within arm's length of non-swimmers whenever they're near water, even when there's a lifeguard on duty.
Enforce the use of personal flotation devices on boats. PFDs are also a good idea for non-swimmers at the beach or the pool, but they are not a substitute for constant parental supervision near water.
Make sure pools are surrounded by a safety fence and that children can't unlock the gate. Don't leave toys in the pool; children have been known to reach for them and fall in.

Tip 3: Avoid Mid-day Sun
Keep your children out of the sun in the hottest part of the day, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Apply sunscreen liberally and frequently. Use SPF 15 or higher. Make sure the product provides both UVA and UVB protection. It is now also recommended for infants younger than 6 months of age.
If your child does burn - Cool the Burn
Give your child a cool bath or use cool compresses on the area to soothe the burn.
Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain relief.
Apply a topical moisturizer, aloe gel, hydrocortisone cream or topical pain reliever to sunburned skin.

Tip 4: Never Leave a Child in Car
Never leave your child in a parked car. Even with the windows down, the sun beating down on a car can cause the temperature inside to rise quickly.
Teach your children that playing in or around parked cars is dangerous. Sometimes, a curious child can get into a car, but can not get out. Keep car doors and trunks locked even when the car is parked in your driveway. Keep your car keys where your children can't reach them.

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