PORTSMOUTH, Va. (WVEC) — There’s new data showing to what extent tolls are negatively impacting the City of Portsmouth.

Old Dominion University Professor James Koch found Portsmouth loses $8.8 million each year due to the tolls.

“Taxable sales are going down in Old Towne now,” said Koch. “They were going up in a very healthy pace. It’s difficult to conclude anything other than the tolls that have done that.”

In the 2013 – 2014 fiscal year, a year before the tolls were implemented, meal and beverage tax revenues in Old Towne were up 8.3 percent. A year after the tolls were implemented, they dropped two percent in FY 15-16 and 1.7 percent FY 16-17, respectively.

“It makes transportation more efficient and cuts down travel times and makes transportation more reliable, but the problem here is that the impact is really huge on Portsmouth,” said Koch.

Tyler McMillen, Owner of Baron’s Pub in Downtown Portsmouth, said his lunch sales dropped between 25 to 30 percent when tolling first started in 2014.

“That hurts,” said McMillen. “A person’s budget can only go up so high and they can only budget in lunch so much, or dinner, you know, accordingly.”

Koch found those commuting in and out of Portsmouth are paying about $1,045 a year on tolls. His data also shows Portsmouth has the greatest burden of the tolls compared to other cities in Hampton Roads.

“One solution is simply for the state to put in more money to reduce the tolls, but another solution would be to allow residents to pay a lower toll if they actually live there,” said Koch.

Portsmouth City Council discussed the problem and possible solutions with their General Assembly Delegation, Tuesday.