RESTON, Va. — When a special-needs child behaves badly in school, the child may be put in "seclusion" -- a room by him or herself.
Jennifer Tidd of Reston has a 12-year-old son Quinton with bright eyes and blond hair. He also has autism and is unable to use spoken words. His emotional age is three.
Tidd admits that Quinton can be a handful with difficult behavior. When he was seven, "seclusion" forms started coming home.
"This is for two years from 2014 to 2016. This is in Fairfax County Public Schools," Tidd said, as she leafed through a three-inch stack of papers.
The reports describe various bad behaviors that resulted in Quentin being secluded from the rest of the class and put in a room by himself. These rooms may have different names, such as "comprehensive services program."
"They are emergency seclusion reports that the school has to fill out and send home every time he's in seclusion," said Tidd. "Some are door-open, some are closed."
Tidd said Quinton was in seclusion more than 100 times a year almost every day he was at school for four years. She and her husband did not realize it then, but they believe being put in seclusion and the constant threat of seclusion traumatized Quinton. Tidd said a psychologist has since diagnosed Quinton with PTSD.
"He would strip down naked, he would defecate, urinate. He would do things that he knew if he did them, he would be removed from the room. He was so desperate," said Tidd.
RELATED: Thousands of students are forced into restraints or seclusion each year in Virginia schools
When the FCPS school wasn't working out, they moved him to a private school in Maryland. There, he was put in seclusion more often.
It wasn't until they moved him to a new school - one that that doesn't use seclusion - they realized it was the seclusion that was causing Quinton's worst behaviors.
"This is an autistic child who doesn't know what's going on," Tidd said. "It hurts me, it hurts me to think about it. That he went through that and that we allowed it, actually. We have a lot of guilt and shame that we allowed it to go on for four years at two different schools."
Juliet Hiznay, an attorney who represents special needs children including Quinton, said seclusion can be very problematic.
"Because what can happen is you lose trust within the parent-child relationship," Hiznay explained."It has a cascading effect on the entire family ... creates a trust issue for children and their parents."
Seclusion can be very traumatic to children.
"Children do not necessarily see the end of what's occurring at any given time. This is a developmental issue for children. Even for adults," Hiznay said. "We know that solitary confinement is unconstitutional in many cases, why would we do it to children?"
Quinton is doing very well in his new school. He has needed to be restrained when his behavior could cause harm to himself or others, which Tidd agrees is necessary. But he is never put in seclusion because the school doesn't do it.
The fact that both the punishment and the threat is gone has significantly improved his behavior, Tidd said.
"He can't speak, and his way of speaking was his behavior," she said. "'How could you send me to these places where they are hurting me?' But I didn't hear him...I hear him now and he's better."
Virginia Rep. Don Byer is working on legislation that would prohibit seclusion in schools.
In response to WUSA9's question about using seclusion in schools, FCPS sent this statement:
- FCPS is committed to ensuring that all school-based personnel trained in the use of seclusion/restraint understand explicitly the appropriate use of seclusion/restraint to manage extremely challenging student behaviors in emergency situations.
- We believe seclusion/restraint in the management of severe student behavior is being used appropriately.
- Under FCPS guidelines, the practice is prohibited unless there is a dangerous situation and seclusion/restraint is necessary to protect the student or another person or persons.
- FCPS is also committed to improving the documentation and reporting of seclusion/restraint at the school level and in the data submitted to OCR.